Sleep Disorders - Atlanta ENT Institute | Ear, Nose and Throat Specialists in Georiga

Sleep Disorders

Sleep Study

One of our Atlanta-based ENT specialists can find out if your snoring is a sign of obstructive sleep apnea. To evaluate this, you will need to take an overnight sleep study called a polysomnogram. Typically, this test measures the individual’s heart rate, respiration, brain activity, eye movement, and blood oxygen level. You will be diagnosed with OSA if two things occur:

  • You stop breathing due to a blockage of the airway for more than 10 seconds while asleep.
  • This happens more than five times per hour of sleep.

If you have OSA, the sleep study will show if it is mild, moderate, or severe. A person with OSA is often very sleepy during the day due to consistent waking in the night; these brief awakenings keep you from enjoying long periods of deep sleep. OSA may lead to sleepiness, heart attack, stroke, and automobile accidents.

Sleep Apnea Treatment

Everyone at one time or another has experienced trouble with sleep – whether that’s falling asleep, staying asleep, or general sleepiness during the day. Sleep disorders disrupt and disturb the overall quality of life. More than 70 million Americans have a sleep disorder; many of its sufferers are completely unaware of it and many of those who are aware of the problem never choose to seek help.

Many of the sleep disorders can lead to serious problems if left untreated. For example, obstructive sleep apnea, a disorder that affects over 20 million Americans, can lead to serious cardiovascular and neurological problems; however, when treated, apnea patients reduce the risk of those serious conditions and dramatically improve the quality of their lives. The Sleep Institute is a sleep apnea treatment facility in Atlanta that’s designed to evaluate and treat those sleep disorders that include snoring, sleep apnea, chronic tiredness, insomnia, and difficulty falling asleep.

Primary Sleep Disorders

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  • Insomnia
  • Narcolepsy
  • Sleepwalking
  • Sleep Terrors
  • Restless Leg Syndrome
  • Jet Lag
  • Periodic Limb Movement
  • Shift Work 
  • Inadequate Sleep Hygiene (Bad Sleep Habits)

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

The most common sleep related breathing disorders are obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and loud snoring. Both are due to the narrowing of the airway during sleep. Snoring occurs when the tissue in the back of the throat vibrates as you breathe. Patients who snore are more likely to have OSA than people who do not snore. Those who snore have an increased risk of developing things like high blood pressure. Other risk factors associated with sleep apnea are:

  • Excess weight or obesity (body mass index, or BMI, >25)
  • Family history of sleep apnea
  • Male sex
  • Large neck (greater than 17 in men, greater than 16 in women)
  • Recessed chin
  • Physical abnormality in the nose, throat, or upper airway structure
  • Age
  • Smoking
  • Use of alcohol or sleeping pill
  • Snoring
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