2020 hasn’t gotten off to the greatest start, has it? The catastrophic fires in Australia, the fear of conflict in the Middle-East, and now a deadly virus that’s causing chaos around the world. If you’ve stepped outside even once in the last month you’ve heard that a new virus, known as the coronavirus, started in China and spread to thousands upon thousands of people – including Europe, Japan, and the U.S. – causing hundreds of deaths according to USA Today (Stanlin, 2020).
It’s natural to be concerned about a virus like this, as it brings about uncertainty and fear; however, with the right information from the right sources, you might find ease. With the ENT Institute‘s Coronavirus Survival Guide, we want to help you remain informed and educated on what’s happening in the world, coronavirus prevention and treatment tips, as well as what to do if you’ve already been exposed.
First, check out some news footage from major networks to get some insight into what’s happening, how many people are infected, and what the U.S. is doing to prevent further outbreak:
How dangerous is coronavirus?
At the end of January, the virus spread to places like the UK and Russia. It previously made it to the U.S., Japan, Thailand, Korea, India, Australia, Canada and other parts of Europe. For more information, check out this map from the Washington Post (Tireney; Meko; Fox, 2020).
What you may not know is that the coronavirus presents itself as a normal cold or flu; however, it’s taken hundreds of lives who had the virus. According to the American Society for Microbiology, the virus has the ability to cause respiratory failure, but only if the patient has SARS-CoV (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus).
So, how do you know if you have coronavirus?
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
- Difficulty breathing
How do I prevent coronavirus?
Disclaimer: These tips are not here to be a complete fail-safe. Despite best efforts, contracting the coronavirus is still possible. Check out the list of prevention tips below:
- Wear a face mask – note: there are reports that face masks offer little protection, according to USA Today (Saker, 2020).
- Thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water for 20 seconds or more (VOA News, 2020)
- Avoid people who show flu-like symptoms
- Don’t touch your face, especially if you haven’t washed your hands
- Clean areas that you use frequently; for instance, your house, desk at work, and even surfaces in your car
What is the treatment for coronavirus?
Currently, there’s no immunization for the virus, but there are people actively seeking one. As a matter of fact, scientists in Australia were able to replicate the virus in a lab. Watch the video below to learn more:
Although there’s no actual cure, here are a few things you can do to relieve symptoms and also keep the public safe:
- Take pain and fever medications
- Hot showers and steam from boiling water to help with cough and sore throat
- Hot tea
- Drink plenty of water and other fluids such as Vitamin C
- Seek medical treatment
- Stay at home to keep others from getting sick
- Stay away from friends, family, and coworkers who show these symptoms
Origin of coronavirus
The virus started in Wuhan, China where it’s believed to have originated in a seafood market. Because of this, many believe that it began in animals and transferred over to humans, but it has since traveled from person-to-person (Citroner, 2020).
Americans in Wuhan were evacuated – though not all – as to prevent them from becoming infected. The CDC has dispersed workers at various airports in major cities like Atlanta, NY, Chicago, and L.A. to screen passengers coming in from Wuhan. This is obviously great news and means that we are actively keeping the U.S. from an emergency.
We hope these coronavirus prevention and treatment tips have been helpful; however, if you suspect that you might have the coronavirus, reach out to a medical professional for treatment and care.
Stanlin, D. (2020, January 31). Britain, Russia report first cases of coronavirus as illness spreads to 20 countries [News Article] Retrieved from https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2020/01/31/coronavirus-symptoms-britain-russia-who-wuhan-emergency/4620574002/
Tierney, L., & Meko, T., & Fox, J. (2020, January 31). Mapping the spread of the new coronavirus [News Article] Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/01/22/mapping-spread-new-coronavirus/?arc404=true
Netland, J., & Meyerholz, D., & Moore, S., & Cassell, M., & Perlman, S. (2008, May 12). Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infection Causes Neuronal Death in the Absence of Encephalitis in Mice Transgenic for Human ACE2 [Science Journal]. Retrieved from https://jvi.asm.org/content/82/15/7264
Saker, A. (2020, January 31). Face masks offer little protection against coronavirus, flu, experts warn [News Article] Retrieved from https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/health/2020/01/31/coronavirus-flu-prevention-face-masks-offer-little-protection/4620463002/
VOA News (2020, January 27). Health: Coronavirus Prevention Tips [News Article] Retrieved from https://www.voanews.com/science-health/coronavirus-outbreak/health-coronavirus-prevention-tips
Citroner, G. (2020, January 27). Where did the New Coronavirus Come From? Potentially a Bat or Snake [News Article] Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health-news/coronavirus-can-be-deadly-but-they-also-cause-the-common-cold-what-to-know